The Threat-Safety-Challenge Model
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Step 2:
Prioritize relationship safety; increase Qualities of Engagement so that challenge is welcome.
Step 3:
Reduce vulnerabilities and build strengths to increase skills and resilience.
Step 1: 
Reduce threat; reinforce resilience.

The NRF follows a Threat-Safety-challenge (also known as the Safety-Challenge-Threat) model of discipline and learning.

The NRF is detailed in an academic text called Infant/Child Mental Health, Early Intervention, and Relationship-based Therapies: A Neurorelational Framework For Interdisciplinary Practice by Connie Lillas and Janiece Turnbull. This text is included in the Daniel Siegel-founded Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology found here.